International Climate Protection Fellowship

Fellows 2012/2013 (N-Z)

Responsible for the contents: Dr. Judith Schildt (Humboldt Foundation) and the fellows

Ngo Thi To Nhien

Degree: Master of Science | Field: Energy Engineering, Energy Technology, Power Engineering | Affiliation at the time of application: Ministry of Science and Technology, National Centre for Technology Progress, Hanoi, Vietnam | Host institution in Germany: Universität Hamburg, Institute of Geography | Host: Dr. Michael Waibel

Energy efficiency governance towards sustainable urban development in Vietnam

To Nhien Ngo Thi
Photo: Humboldt
Foundation/
Daniela Schmitter

Like other emerging countries in the world, Vietnam is facing a dilemma: economic development and energy security. This is even more challenging against the background of global climate change, because Vietnam is one of the most vulnerable countries. Improving energy efficiency by both adaption and mitigation measures could be a critical response to pressing climate change risks. More efficient energy use could also help Vietnam to maintain its dynamic economic growth, secure its energy balance as well as slow down the process of resource depletion. Ngo Thi To Nhien will conduct the case studies on good-practice examples in Europe related to the policy field of energy efficiency and their specific governance with a focus on buildings and sustainable urban development. Consequently, a set of pragmatic guidelines helping policy makers in Vietnam to increase energy efficiency will be developed. All this will contribute to a comprehensive framework of energy efficiency governance, which is understood normatively as the ideal combination of legislative framework, economic incentives as well as institutional arrangements and coordination mechanisms. In this way, energy efficiency governance will decrease prevalent implementation gaps and support the successful implementation of energy efficiency strategies, policies and programmes in urban Vietnam.

Mercy Ojoyi

Degree: Master of Science | Field: Geography | Affiliation at the time of application: National Museums of Kenya, Centre for Biodiversity | Host institution in Germany: Bonn University, Department of Geography | Host: Prof. Dr. Gunter Menz

Regional-to-local impacts of climate change on biodiversity in East Africa using remote sensing techniques

Mercy Ojoyi
Photo: Humboldt
Foundation/
Daniela Schmitter

Mercy Ojoyi aims at analysing regional-to-local effects of climate dynamics on biodiversity in East Africa using remote sensing techniques. The project basically applies remotely sensed data to assess the effects of landscape and habitat fragmentation on biophysical and biological processes of the ecosystem, monitor the impacts on biodiversity and develop model-based conservation scenarios. High-resolution satellite datasets (in space and time) will be analysed to understand how fragmentation has evolved over the years by the calculation of different change detection methods based on vegetation indices, e.g. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), as proxies. Regression analysis will be used to determine the relationship between species richness, variation in reflectance values of key species and the overall weighted vegetation abundance. Through realistic combinations of environmental and climate input variables into VENSIM (simulation software), Ojoyi aims to achieve a better understanding of system behaviour changes in response to the coupled social-ecological factors and to create plausible scenarios of future biodiversity patterns and for conservation planning.

Moliehi Shale

Degree: Master of Science | Field: Human Geography, Social Geography | Affiliation at the time of application: University of Cape Town, Centre of Criminology, South Africa | Host institution in Germany: Freie Universität Berlin, Otto Suhr Institute of Political Science | Host: Dr. Gregor Walter-Drop

Climate risk governance in areas of limited statehood: the case of informal insurance in poor, urban South Africa

Moliehi Shale
Photo: Humboldt
Foundation/
Daniela Schmitter

Climate change impacts pose challenges to the urban poor in the city of Cape Town, South Africa’s informal sector. The coping mechanisms in informal settlement areas are often inadequate due to weak state capacity to provide support to deal with recurring risks such as flooding. Flood hazard is especially common here, yet little is mentioned in the literature on how the poor manage it. Moliehi Shale will use the governance in areas of limited statehood framework to explore how the poor regulate the flood hazard in the absence of state assistance. The framework has been used in comparative politics to understand the diffusion of European ideas of governance and policies within and outside the EU. The project explores the applicability of the framework in an emerging economy context. Shale aims to contribute to the theoretical framework and anticipates that her work will have policy relevance in the areas of micro-insurance, climate change adaptation and governance in emerging economies.

Hortensia Solis

Degree: Bachelor of Science | Field: Agriculture, Agricultural Science | Affiliation at the time of application: CO2.cr, Costa Rica | Host institution in Germany: Ecofys, Köln | Host: Gesine Hänsel

Designing an MRV framework, developing its key components and determining their costs for use in a Costa Rican coffee sector NAMA

Hortensia Solis
Photo: Humboldt
Foundation/
Daniela Schmitter

Measurement, reporting, and verification (MRV) of emission reductions is a key barrier for financing mitigation actions in agriculture. For many developing countries, addressing emissions from agriculture is central to low-carbon development strategies. For example, Costa Rica will need to deliver meaningful reductions in its agriculture sector (~40% of national emissions) to achieve its carbon neutrality goal by 2021. Costa Rica’s coffee industry has proposed to reduce emissions via a sector-specific Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA). The aim of this project is to develop an MRV framework for emission reduction activities in coffee producing countries. Hortensia Solis will conduct research with Ecofys to define and develop key components of the MRV process, develop protocols that Costa Rican coffee farmers can use in their emissions reduction activities, and determine the costs of implementing different MRV options. She will author an MRV guide in consultation with technical experts and political leaders in Germany (financing country) and Costa Rica (implementing country).

Sonny Syahril

Degree: Master of Science | Field: National Economics | Affiliation at the time of application: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Decentralization as Contribution to Good Governance (DeCGG), Fiscal Decentralization Component, Jakarta, Indonesia | Host institution in Germany: University of Potsdam, Chair of International Politics | Host: Prof. Dr. Harald Fuhr

In search of design for financing climate change mitigation in decentralised Indonesia

Sonny Syahril
Photo: Humboldt
Foundation/
Daniela Schmitter

After COP 15 in 2009, developed countries pledged to provide significant financial support to developing countries for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Developing countries have also shown increasing commitment to undertaking mitigation. Due to the decentralised governance structure in most developing countries, local governments and stakeholders will play a major role. From this perspective, developing countries need to create an intergovernmental fiscal transfer (IGFT) mechanism for channeling funds as an incentive to implement mitigation at local level. IGFT is only one part of the overall policy platform, and in order to enhance greenhouse gas emission reduction, certain environmental tax policies could also be introduced to induce a change in behaviour and ensure sustainability. Sonny Syahril seeks to develop a suitable design for IGFT and environmental tax policies to support climate change mitigation in developing countries, using Indonesia as a case study.

Erica Udas

Degree: Master of Science | Field: Forestry, Forest Science | Affiliation at the time of application: Living Himalayas Global Initiatives, WWF Nepal | Host institution in Germany: University of Greifswald, Institute of Botany and Landscape Ecology | Host: Prof. Dr. Martin Wilmking

Towards carbon neutrality – A way to bring sustainability into research and education

Erica Udas
Photo: Humboldt
Foundation/
Daniela Schmitter

By 2015/2016, Greifswald University is striving to become carbon neutral by I) carbon footprint reduction; II) carbon trade-off and III) sustainability in university teaching and daily practice.The current research is a part of the ‘Carbon Neutral University Project’ and focuses on compensating for the university’s unavoidable emissions. In this project, Erica Udas wishes to understand the implications of different forest management practices for enhancing carbon sink potential, largely on forested university land. Carbon balances of "business as usual" and project scenarios will be measured and forest growth models will be used for modelling forest carbon sequestration. Parameters like the ‘additionality’ of the project, the potentiality of ‘leakage’ effects and ‘permanence’ will be analysed for project sustainability. Udas will also study the methods for carbon footprint calculation and its reduction measures, and apply the Greifswald approach to work with university staff and students at home. Based on the German example, a similar or modified forest growth model could be developed for policy recommendation in Nepal, so that the country could benefit from global carbon marketing and trading. Similarly, mainstreaming academic (Institute of Forestry) and community institutions (Community Forest User Groups) would be an added value while buy-in from Nepalese industries and the private sector could lead to voluntary carbon emission reduction.

María Andrea Vásquez Castillo

Degree: Master of Arts | Field: Mechatronic Engineering | Affiliation at the time of application: Universidad Nacional de Ingeniera, Renewable Energies Center, Lima, Peru | Host institution in Germany: Technische Universität Dresden, Institute of Building Climatology | Host: Prof. Dr.-Ing. John Grunewald

Adaptation of traditional rural building techniques motivated by climate change: application of passive house design elements to rural housing in the cold highlands of the Peruvian Andes

María Andrea Vásquez Castillo
Photo: Humboldt
Foundation/
Daniela Schmitter

María Andrea Vásquez Castillo aims at obtaining better thermal comfort inside rural homes by using local materials, labour and the best viable construction techniques based on existing experience in the Andean zone (between 3,000 and 5,000 metres above sea level). As a new element in this concept, renewable energy sources – mainly on the basis of solar radiation – will be integrated. The core concept of this research is based on passive house design analysis with components specially adapted due to climate change. The method being used is the analysis of time-dependent thermal processes employing energy simulation software for designing greenhouses and skylights attached to rural homes with typical dimensions. Parameter variations and sensitivity analysis are included. The model will be validated by comparing the simulation results with monitoring results from the thermal diagnosis of test houses.

Yvonne Waweru

Degree: Postgraduate Diploma | Field: Political Science, Politics | Affiliation at the time of application: Greenic East Africa Ltd., Nairobi, Kenya | Host institution in Germany: Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies e.V. (IASS), Potsdam and RENAC Renewables Academy AG, Berlin | Hosts: Dr. Dr. Mario Tobias and Berthold Breid

Best practices in grid-connected renewable energy: insights from Germany, Kenya and Israel

Yvonne Waweru
Photo: Humboldt
Foundation/
Daniela Schmitter

Climate change is a complex global problem which, although environmental in nature, impacts or is impacted by many and varied issues. Yvonne Waweru focuses on renewable energy supply as an option to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases and specifically relates to grid-connected electricity from renewable sources. The growth of electricity demand worldwide is an attractive energy vector to harness renewable energy where adequate network infrastructure is available and viable alternative energy projects could offset the construction of more fossil-fuel-fired power plants, thus reducing further GHG production. However, integration of renewable energy into any electrical power system poses a number of challenges as there are serious barriers especially for developing countries. Therefore, the aim of this research is to investigate initiatives or activities that most effectively contribute to the generation of electricity from renewable sources including, but not limited to, policies, technologies, financing and regulation. Ms Waweru will explore the vast experience of Germany and Israel in grid-connected renewable energy in a comparative context with Kenya, identify barriers and establish best practices on policies, technologies, financing, implementation, and supervision (both conceptual and currently implemented) that have been effective in the deployment of grid-connected renewable energy.

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