Who was Anneliese Maier

Anneliese Maier
Anneliese Maier
Photo: Archive of the Max Planck
Society, Berlin-Dahlem

Anneliese Maier, who was born in Tübingen in 1905 and died in Rome in 1971, was an internationally acclaimed German philosopher and historian of science. She studied philosophy, physics and mathematics at the University of Berlin, where she received her doctorate in 1930. As a contributor to the Leibniz-Edition of the Prussian Academy of Sciences she conducted archive studies in Italy. In 1938 she started to work in Rome, first as a fellow of the DFG (German Research Foundation) and later as a fellow at the Bibliotheca Hertziana, then the Institute for Cultural Sciences and Arts in the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft, the later Max Planck Institute of the History of Arts. Anneliese Maier's main work is a five-volume study on the Natural Philosophy of Late Scholasticism, of which the volume "The predecessors of Galilei in the 14th century" became most widely known. In 1951 she was granted the title of a professor by the state of North Rhine-Westfalia. She was corresponding member of the Academies of Sciences in Mainz, Göttingen and Munich and from 1970 also a member of the Medieval Academy of America. A scientific member of the Max Planck Society from 1954, she was the first German to be awarded the George Sarton Medal, the most distinguished international honour in the field of the history of science, in 1966.


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